Knee Arthroscopy

What is knee arthroscopy?

Knee arthroscopy is a surgical technique that can diagnose and treat problems in the knee joint. It is also quite popular because it requires a shorter recovery time.

Why should someone have a knee arthroscopy?

Knee arthroscopy is performed all over the world and counts millions of procedures. It can relieve symptoms of many problems that damage the cartilage surfaces and other soft tissues. Thus, this surgical technique offers the following:

Removal or repair of a torn meniscus
Reconstruction of a torn anterior cruciate ligament
Removal of a torn or damaged articular tissue
Trimming of damaged articular cartilage
Treatment of joint stiffness
Removal of loose bone or cartilage fragments
Treatment of patella problems
Treatment of sepsis, commonly an infection

It is also a treatment evaluation for the following:

Meniscus tear (arthroscopic meniscectomy or meniscus suture)
Anterior or posterior cruciate ligament rupture (arthroscopic ligamentoplasty)
What are the advantages of knee arthroscopy?

Compared to other surgical procedures, knee arthroscopy offers the following advantages:

Less tissue damage
Faster healing time
Fewer and smaller stitches
Less post-operative pain
Less pain and less pain Less pain and less pain
What are the risks of knee arthroscopy?

If the patient chooses a qualified orthopaedic surgeon, the chances of any complications are minimal. Usually, the use of anaesthesia can cause allergic reactions or difficulty breathing. Of course, some risks include:

Chronic knee stiffness
Chronic chronic chronic pain in the knee
Knee infection
Bleeding in the joints
Blood clots

It should be stressed that complications are relatively rare and most patients recover without anything happening.

What is the preparation for knee arthroscopy?

The patient should inform the specialist orthopaedic surgeon whether they are taking prescription or non-prescription medications. It may be necessary to stop taking certain medications for weeks or days before surgery. In addition, you may need to go without food or water for 6-12 hours.

How is knee arthroscopy performed?

Knee arthroscopy, depending on the case, lasts from 30 minutes to 2 hours and is performed under general anesthesia. The specialist orthopaedic surgeon will make small incisions and insert the arthroscope and special instruments.  Note that these incisions are left open in order to implement the drainage of the fluid used in the procedure. Of course, occasionally, they may also be sutured.

What happens after the knee arthroscopy?

After the surgery, in order to avoid complications, the patient will stay in the hospital for a few days or 1 day. However, postoperative pain is minimal, due to modern analgesic methods. Afterwards, the patient will walk with the help of a physiotherapist to strengthen the knee. Finally, suture cutting is done 15 days later and the patient will be required to use an armpit bacteria or “P” type walker.

The orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Anthony Pettas, keeps up to date on the field of Orthopedic Surgery. He obtained his specialty in Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology in Stockholm from Norrtälje,Danderyd and Karolinska University Hospitals. At the same time, he was trained in Traumatology and Ilizarov method surgeries at the largest trauma centers in St. Petersburg, Moscow and Hamburg. Contact him for a personalized treatment.

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